PMID: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2022; 2022: 1649605. Epub 2022 Mar 14. PMID: 35321503 Abstract Title: Scalp Electroacupuncture Promotes Angiogenesis after Stroke in Rats by Activation of Wnt / -Catenin Signal Pathway. Abstract: Background: Scalp acupuncture is a contemporary acupuncture method based on the fundamental theories of traditional acupuncture, which has been widely used in patients with stroke in China. However, the effectiveness is controversial due to lack of solid experimental evidence.Methods: In this study, a rat model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) was established by the middle cerebral artery occlusion / recirculation. The efficacy of scalp acupuncture against CIRI was evaluated by the mNSS scores, TTC staining for brain slices, and laser Doppler perfusion imaging. Immunohistochemical staining for angiogenetic factors indicated the vascularization after CIRI, including VEGF, Ang2, and bFGF. Activation of the Wnt / -catenin signaling pathway and p-GSK3 (ser9) / VEGF pathway in the injured brain tissues was assessed by western blotting and qRT-PCR.Results: On the 7, 14, and 21 days after CIRI, scalp acupuncture could reduce the mNSS scores, decrease the cerebral infarction area, and accelerate the recirculation of ischemic brain tissues. VEGF, FLK1, bFGF, and Ang2 were upregulated on both the mRNA and protein levels in the ischemic brain tissues of the AC group, suggesting that the recirculation might result from angiogenesis, which was also confirmed with the IHC staining in the angiogenetic markers of VEGF. , Ang2, and bFGF. Moreover, Wnt3a, -catenin, and cyclin D1 were also upregulated on both the mRNA and protein levels in the ischemic brain tissues of the AC group on day 7, 14, and 21, indicating that the Wnt / -catenin signaling pathway was activated after the treatment of scalp acupuncture. In contrast, dikkoppf-1 (DKK1) pretreatment, a specific inhibitor for the Wnt / -catenin signaling pathway, inactivated the Wnt3a / -catenin signaling pathway and exacerbated the infarct size induced by the cerebral IR injury on day 7.Conclusion: Together, Our findings demonstrated a mechanism whereby scalp acupuncture led to the activation of Wnt / -catenin signaling pathway, promoting angiogenetic factor expression and restoring blood perfusion in the ischemic zone.