8 Rosemary Benefits: Dosage & Safety

Aktaruzzaman, M., Kim, JY, Afroz, T., & Kim, BS (2015). First Report of Web Blight of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Caused by Rhizoctonia solani AG-1-IB in Korea. Mycobiology, 43 (2), 170–173. https://doi.org/10.5941/MYCO.2015.43.2.170

Al Aboud AM, Zito PM. Alopecia. [2020]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK538178/

Al-Attar, AM, & Shawush, NA (2015). Influence of olive and rosemary leaves extracts on chemically induced liver cirrhosis in male rats. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 22 (2), 157–163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2014.08.005

Araki, R., Sasaki, K., Onda, H., Nakamura, S., Kassai, M., Kaneko, T., Isoda, H., & Hashimoto, K. (2020). Effects of Continuous Intake of Rosemary Extracts on Mental Health in Working Generation Healthy Japanese Men: Post-Hoc Testing of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients, 12 (11), 3551. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113551

Balderas, C., Villaseñor, A., García, A., Rupérez, FJ, Ibañez, E., Señorans, J., Guerrero-Fernández, J., González-Casado, I., Gracia-Bouthelier, R., & Barbas, C. (2010). Metabolomic approach to the nutraceutical effect of rosemary extract plus Ω-3 PUFAs in diabetic children with capillary electrophoresis. Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 53 (5), 1298–1304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2010.07.034

Bermejo, LM, López-Plaza, B., Weber, TK, Palma-Milla, S., Iglesias, C., Reglero, G., & Gómez-Candela, C. (2014). Impact of cooked functional meat enriched with omega-3 fatty acids and rosemary extract on inflammatory and oxidative status; a randomised, double-blind, crossover study. Nutricion hospitalaria, 30 (5), 1084–1091. https://doi.org/10.3305/nh.2014.30.5.8048

and Rosa, JS, Facchin, BM, Bastos, J., Siqueira, MA, Micke, GA, Dalmarco, EM, Pizzolatti, MG, & Fröde, TS (2013). Systemic administration of Rosmarinus officinalis attenuates the inflammatory response induced by carrageenan in the mouse model of pleurisy. Planta medica, 79 (17), 1605–1614. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1351018

Gardner, Z., McGuffin, M., & American Herbal Products Association. (2013). American Herbal Products Association’s botanical safety handbook. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press / Taylor & Francis.

Ghasemzadeh Rahbardar, M., & Hosseinzadeh, H. (2020). Therapeutic effects of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) and its active constituents on nervous system disorders. Iranian journal of basic medical sciences, 23 (9), 1100–1112. https://doi.org/10.22038/ijbms.2020.45269.10541

Grieve, M. (1931). A modern herbal. New York, NY: Harcourt, Brace & Company. Retrieved from: https://botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/r/rosema17.html

Gonzalez-Minero, F., Bravo-Diaz, L., & amp; Ayala-Gomez, A. (2020). Cosmetics rosmarinus officinalis L. (rosemary): An ancient plant with … Cosmetics Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Rosemary): An Ancient Plant with Uses in Personal Healthcare and Cosmetics. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/344513670_cosmetics_Rosmarinus_officinalis_L_Rosemary_An_Ancient_Plant_with_Uses_in_Personal_Healthcare_and_Cosmetics

Guo, Y., Xie, J., Li, X., Yuan, Y., Zhang, L., Hu, W., Luo, H., Yu, H., & Zhang, R. (2018). Antidepressant Effects of Rosemary Extracts Associate With Anti-inflammatory Effect and Rebalance of Gut Microbiota. Frontiers in pharmacology9, 1126. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2018.01126

Habtemariam S. (2016). The Therapeutic Potential of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Diterpenes for Alzheimer’s Disease. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine: eCAM, 2016, 2680409. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/2680409

Hay, IC, Jamieson, M., & Ormerod, AD (1998). Randomized trial of aromatherapy. Successful treatment for alopecia areata. Archives of dermatology, 134 (11), 1349–1352. https://doi.org/10.1001/archderm.134.11.1349

Hoffmann, D. (2003). Medical herbalism: The science and practice of herbal medicine. Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press.

Inoue, K., Takano, H., Shiga, A., Fujita, Y., Makino, H., Yanagisawa, R., Ichinose, T., Kato, Y., Yamada, T., & Yoshikawa, T. (2005). Effects of volatile constituents of a rosemary extract on allergic airway inflammation related to house dust mite allergen in mice. International journal of molecular medicine, 16 (2), 315–319.

Keshavarzian, S., & Shahgholian, N. (2017). Comparison of the Effect of Topical Application of Rosemary and Menthol for Musculoskeletal Pain in Hemodialysis Patients. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 22 (6), 436–441. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_163_16

McCaffrey, R., Thomas, DJ, & Kinzelman, AO (2009). The effects of lavender and rosemary essential oils on test-taking anxiety among graduate nursing students. Holistic nursing practice, 23 (2), 88–93. https://doi.org/10.1097/HNP.0b013e3181a110aa

Mirsadraee, M., Tavakoli, A., Ghorani, V., & Ghaffari, S. (2018). Effects of Rosmarinus officinalis and Platanus orientalis extracts on asthmatic subjects resistant to routine treatments. Avicenna journal of phytomedicine, 8 (5), 399–407.

Morley, JE, Morris, JC, Berg-Weger, M., Borson, S., Carpenter, BD, Del Campo, N., Dubois, B., Fargo, K., Fitten, LJ, Flaherty, JH, Ganguli, M., Grossberg, GT, Malmstrom, TK, Petersen, RD, Rodriguez, C., Saykin, AJ, Scheltens, P., Tangalos, EG, Verghese, J., Wilcock, G.,… Vellas, B. (2015 ). Brain health: the importance of recognizing cognitive impairment: an IAGG consensus conference. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 16 (9), 731–739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2015.06.017

Murata, K., Noguchi, K., Kondo, M., Onishi, M., Watanabe, N., Okamura, K., & Matsuda, H. (2013). Promotion of hair growth by Rosmarinus officinalis leaf extract. Phytotherapy research: PTR, 27 (2), 212–217. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.4712

Murino Rafacho, BP, Portugal Dos Santos, P., Gonçalves, AF, Fernandes, A., Okoshi, K., Chiuso-Minicucci, F., Azevedo, PS, Mamede Zornoff, LA, Minicucci, MF, Wang, XD, & Rupp de Paiva, SA (2017). Rosemary supplementation (Rosmarinus oficinallis L.) attenuates cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction in rats. PloS one, 12 (5), e0177521. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177521

Nematolahi, P., Mehrabani, M., Karami-Mohajeri, S., & Dabaghzadeh, F. (2018). Effects of Rosmarinus officinalis L. on memory performance, anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in university students: A randomized clinical trial. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 30, 24–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.11.004

Nieto, G., Ros, G., & Castillo, J. (2018). Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, L.): A Review. Medicines (Basel, Switzerland), 5 (3), 98. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5030098

Panahi, Y., Taghizadeh, M., Marzony, ET, & Sahebkar, A. (2015). Rosemary oil vs minoxidil 2% for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia: a randomized comparative trial. Skinmed, 13 (1), 15–21.

Pengelly, A., Snow, J., Mills, SY, Scholey, A., Wesnes, K., & Butler, LR (2012). Short-term study on the effects of rosemary on cognitive function in an elderly population. Journal of medicinal food, 15 (1), 10–17. https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2011.0005

Perry, N., Menzies, R., Hodgson, F., Wedgewood, P., Howes, MR, Brooker, HJ, Wesnes, KA, & Perry, EK (2018). A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled pilot trial of a combined extract of sage, rosemary and melissa, traditional herbal medicines, on the enhancement of memory in normal healthy subjects, including influence of age. Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology, 39, 42–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2017.08.015

Tiller JW (2013). Depression and anxiety. The Medical Journal of Australia, 199 (S6), S28 – S31. https://doi.org/10.5694/mja12.10628

Veenstra, JP, & Johnson, JJ (2021). Rosemary (Salvia rosmarinus): Health-promoting benefits and food preservative properties. International journal of nutrition, 6 (4), 1–10.

Wang, Y., Pan, Y., & Li, H. (2020). What is brain health and why is it important ?. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 371, m3683. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m3683

Yang, L., Liu, X., Chang, D., & amp; Mu, M. (2016). Efficacy of aromatherapy in the treatment of localized alopecia areata … Inhibition of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by extract from Rosmarinus officinalis in rats. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ibrahim-Ozmen/publication/283874591_Efficacy_of_aromatherapy_in_the_treatment_of_localized_alopecia_areata_A_double-blind_placebo_controlled_study/links/56782bbb08ae502c99d564c9/Efficacy-of-aromatherapy-in-the-treatment-of-localized-alopecia-areata-A -double-blind-placebo-controlled-study.pdf

Zhang, QL, Yang, JJ, & Zhang, HS (2019). Carvedilol (CAR) combined with carnosic acid (CAA) attenuates doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity by suppressing excessive oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis and autophagy. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 109, 71–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2018.07.037

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